Christiansborg Palace houses both the national parliament, the Prime Ministers office, the Supreme Court and the Queen. In this way, it is the only building in the world with all branches of government in it.
There has been a castle on this spot since the foundation of Copenhagen in 1167. The current palace was finished as late as 1928.
When the bishop of Roskilde (Absalon) founded Copenhagen in 1167 he build the first castle on this site. He did this to protect the sea in the area from pirates. Near the castle you can see a statue of Absalon on horseback.
In the early 1400s the capital of Denmark moved from Roskilde to Copenhagen. Ever since then the castle has been used as the base for the central administration in Denmark.
Until 1794 the castle was also the primary royal residence and since 1849 it has been used as the seat of parliament.
The present version of the palace is built in neo-baroque style. It is the last of five castles and palaces on the same site. Earlier buildings were either destroyed, demolished or have burned. The last fire was in 1884 and the present palace was finished in 1928. The chapel, in neo-classical style, survived the last fire and thus dates from 1826.
The Queen’s reception rooms
The most beautiful thing to see in the palace is the Queen’s reception rooms. The Queen and the rest of the royal family no longer live in Christiansborg Palace but she has some very large and beautiful reception rooms that she uses to receive important visitors to Denmark and for parties. When she is not using them they are open for visitors.
The rooms are richly decorated with beautiful furniture, paintings and art pieces, many of them salvaged from the former palaces that burned down. The great ballroom features 17 very spectacular, colorful tapestries designed by the Danish artist Bjørn Nørgaard and depicting Danish and world history.